February 16, 2021 Find out more Democratic Republic of CongoAfrica to go further Organisation February 18, 2021 Find out more Journalist arrested on provincial governor’s orders September 4, 2015 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Information minister assumes role of film censor Follow the news on Democratic Republic of Congo Reporter jailed in DRC for allegedly defaming parliamentarian Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and Journalist in Danger (JED) condemn the government’s decision to “categorically ban” a documentary about Denis Mukwege, a Congolese surgeon specializing in treating women who have been raped in the course of years of fighting in the eastern province of Sud-Kivu.Information minister Lambert Mendé insists that the Congolese armed forces are “defamed” by “The Man Who Mends Women,” which was made by Thierry Michel, a Belgian filmmaker, and Colette Braeckman, a Belgian journalist who has specialized in central Africa.Mendé nonetheless recently gave Michel and Braeckman assurances that the film would be able to be shown in the DRC.“The Congolese government’s behaviour is outrageous and is indicative of its narrow-mindedness,” said Clea Kahn-Sriber, the head of RSF’s Africa desk. “How can this government deny the reality of the violence that has caused suffering to thousands of Congolese men and women during nearly 20 years of war in the east? How can this government deny the public’s fundamental right to have access to information and know their country’s history?”JED secretary-general Tshivis Tshivuadi added: “No law provides a basis for this ban, which is completely arbitrary. And if the armed forces have filed a defamation suit, show it to us! Even if there were a lawsuit, how could it justify this act of outright censorship? This archaic ban is an embarrassment for the DRC in the new technology era.”RSF and JED call on the information minister to lift his ban, even if his attempted censorship just increases the public’s interest in the film.The European Parliament’s decision to award the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to Dr. Mukwege in November 2014 was celebrated in an enormous billboard announcement on Kinshasa’s Boulevard du 30 Juin.But Mukwege was the target of murder attempts in 2012 and earlier this year and, according to a statement released by Michel, he is now holed up in his hospital and can only leave if protected by an escort of UN peacekeepers.Michel’s film has received a total of seven international awards in five countries on three continents.The DRC is ranked 150th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2015 press freedom index. Of late, the government has distinguished itself by its failure to hold elections on time and its repressive attitude towards the media. Receive email alerts RSF_en News News Photo: Denis Mukwege (Picture from the movie) Photo: Thierry Michel, Denis Mukwege, and Colette Braeckman News Congolese reporter wounded by gunshot while covering protest in Goma Help by sharing this information News Democratic Republic of CongoAfrica February 24, 2021 Find out more
Kuzma/iStock(ATLANTA) — A federal appeals court on Wednesday blocked the execution of a Muslim inmate in Alabama after the state refused to allow his imam to be at his death instead of a Christian prison chaplain. The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit granted an emergency stay of execution for 42-year-old Domineque Ray one day before he was scheduled to be put to death for the rape and murder of 15-year-old Tiffany Harville more than two decades ago in Selma, Alabama. The Alabama attorney general’s office has asked the United States Supreme Court to vacate the stay and let it proceed with the execution scheduled for Thursday evening, according to court documents. “The central constitutional problem here is that the state has regularly placed a Christian cleric in the execution room to minister to the needs of Christian inmates, but has refused to provide the same benefit to a devout Muslim and all other non-Christians,” a panel of three district judges wrote in their decision Wednesday. Ray has been held at the Holman Correctional Facility in Atmore, Alabama, since he was convicted and sentenced to death in 1999. He has been a devout Muslim since at least 2006 and has been meeting with his current imam who has provided religious ministry to Muslim inmates like Ray since 2015, according to court documents. On Jan. 23, two weeks before his scheduled execution, Ray met with the prison warden who, apparently for the first time, explained the practices and policies that the Alabama Department of Corrections adheres to during executions. Among other things, the warden told Ray that a Christian chaplain employed by the department would be in the death chamber as a lethal cocktail of drugs is administered. The inmate’s designated witnesses, along with any spiritual adviser other than the prison chaplain, may be seated in a witness room, separated from the execution chamber by a large window, according to court documents. Ray asked if he could bring in his imam in place of the prison chaplain, but was told his request couldn’t be honored due to the department’s policy. Ray and his attorneys filed a civil rights complaint and an emergency motion for stay of execution on Jan. 28, claiming the policy violated his constitutional rights. The Alabama Department of Corrections has agreed to exclude the prison chaplain from the death chamber, but a district judge on Friday denied Ray’s initial request for a stay of execution. The judge wrote that Ray waited “until the eleventh hour” to make his legal claim, it’s a matter of safety and security, and Ray’s imam, who is not a department of corrections employee, is “untrained, inexperienced and outside the state’s control.” Ray filed an appeal and the court overturned the denial. “We welcome this decision and hope Mr. Ray will ultimately be provided equal access to spiritual guidance,” Ali Massoud, the government affairs coordinator for the Alabama chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), said in a statement Wednesday. The three-judge panel wrote in their decision that it was “exceedingly loath to substitute our judgment on prison procedures,” but that “it looks substantially likely to us that Alabama has run afoul of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.” “What is central to Establishment Clause jurisprudence is the fundamental principle that at a minimum neither the states nor the federal government may pass laws or adopt policies that aid one religion or prefer one religion over another,” the judges wrote. “And that, it appears to us, is what the Alabama Department of Corrections has done here.”Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
Aker Solutions wins Equinor contract. (Credit: Øyvind Hagen / Equinor.) Equinor has contracted Norwegian engineering company Aker Solutions for the topside works on its Troll B and C platforms to reduce the CO2 emissions.The company intends to install equipment for receiving electrical power from shore through cable, replacing power generation from gas turbines at the platforms.The Troll field is located nearly 65km west of Bergen on Norway’s west coast and the electrical power cable is planned to be connected to shore at Kollsnes outside Bergen.Equinor awarded the contract to Aker Solutions after it completed the front-end engineering and design (FEED) work in January last year.Aker Solutions CEO Kjetel Digre said: “Reduction of climate footprint is high on the agenda for our customers in the oil and gas industry. Electrification of production platforms is one of the ways to reduce emissions from such operations.“Aker Solutions has extensive experience from delivering such low-carbon solutions, and we aim to be a leading contractor in this market. We are excited to collaborate with Equinor on the Troll electrification.”Under the contract, Aker Solutions will work on engineering, procurement, construction and prefabrication of systems, and installation at the platforms offshore.The company intends to commence the contract works immediately and is anticipated to be completed at the end of 2025.Aker is planning to carry out the engineering works through its office in Bergen, and construction works through its yard in Egersund.The scope of the contract will include around 1,000 man-years for own employees, including nearly 500 for engineering, 200 for construction and 300 for the offshore work.It is expected to involve a total of 4,000 people, including ripple effects, employees working with suppliers, services providers, and others.In December last year, Aker Solutions has received a contract from Equinor for its Johan Sverdrup field offshore Norway.Located about 150km away from the coast of Stavanger in the Norwegian North Sea, Johan Sverdrup field consists of two oil discoveries named Avaldsnes and Aldous. Aker Solutions received the contract following the front-end engineering and design (FEED) contract it has completed in January last year
Home » News » Agencies & People » D-Day for Countrywide approaches as full-year results date is set previous nextAgencies & PeopleD-Day for Countrywide approaches as full-year results date is setCompany says it will reveal the full details of its 2018 performance on 7th March after which directors will be quizzed during a live video conference.Nigel Lewis28th February 20192 Comments2,125 Views Countrywide is to reveal its much-anticipated final results for 2018 on Thursday 7th March, it has been announced.Senior directors including Group CFO Himanshu Raja and Group Chairman Peter Long are due to attend a live video conference at investment bank Jefferies in the City to present the troubled company’s results for the 12 months to December 31st 2018.Much is riding on the senior leadership team proving to investors that their ‘back to basics’ strategy is delivering the results that investors are hoping for, including reversing recent reductions in sales volumes, and increasing income from lettings.Spearheaded by Group Managing Director Paul Creffield (left), the company has been hiring dozens of senior staff, branch managers and sales people with more traditional property industry backgrounds.It has also been attempting to lure back talent chased out during the ‘retail’ era ushered in by former CEO Alison Platt, although not always successfully. In September last year a senior lettings director, Tim Van der Schyff, jumped ship to Nick Dunning Associates.Earlier this month the company released a brief interim statement for 2018 revealing that it had delivered a ‘resilient’ performance, although overall revenue was reported to be down by 10% and half that of 2017.The public presentation and Q&A session with investors on 7th March will put some much needed flesh on the bones of its performance, reveal a more detailed picture of its 2018 performance and affirm what Long and the other directors intend to do this year. Its 10,000 employees will be watching with interest.Countrywide final year results 2018 February 28, 2019Nigel Lewis2 commentsAndrew Stanton, CEO Proptech-PR Real Estate Influencer & Journalist CEO Proptech-PR Real Estate Influencer & Journalist 1st March 2019 at 12:40 amI am not about to become paranoid, but following on from my earlier piece this morning about Countrywide’s woeful balance sheet, the National Trading Standards Estate Agency Team, has confirmed that in its opinion – to be tested by case law – that failure to tell prospective clients about referral arrangements could make all estate agents (including Countrywide) face criminal charges.Pandora’s box is at last open, in the name of transparency, those very helpful folk at the NTSEAT feel that if estate agents for instance fail to tell a prospective vendor that the solicitor they are recommending, gives that agent a fee as a referral, then the agent could be open to a criminal court action under the CPRs and probably action by NTSEAT who could close them down.The new NTSEAT (14 page) guidelines are that estate agents must be transparent and plainly communicate to a prospective client: –‘(a) The price of its services, including any “compulsory” extras; and(b) Where a referral arrangement exists, that it exists, and with whom; and(c) Where a transaction-specific referral fee is to be paid, its amount; and(d) Where a referral retainer exists, an estimate of the annual value of that retainer to the estate agent or its value per transaction.’This sounds on the face of it a really good idea, let the consumer know all.But, if you are a huge corporate like Countrywide, Connells, etc, and you do refer your solicitor business to a certain solicitor, how will it sound if the agent has to say, ‘Mr vendor we feel you may want to use XYZ solicitors, you do not have to, but be aware we get a £120 referral if you do, and annually (and this is the kicker) we as a company receive 2M a year from that solicitor for recommending them.’Do you think the agent will get many takers?It is not just solicitors referrals, that the NTSEAT are talking about, it will cover everything where a referral exists, EPC’s, surveys, you name, the agent will need to declare a monetary interest and an annual sum that they receive.In Countrywide’s case I am informed that for every £1 of revenue generated by the sale fee, an extra 40p of revenue comes from other income streams, solicitors, mortgages etc. So, I assume that referral fees are at play in this 40p of revenue.What I find most fascinating in the NTSEAT guidance notes is the sentence …‘Plainly the most important information in deciding whether to accept a service is the price of that service’So trading standards want to protect the consumer, as the starting position for all consumers is knowing the price of the service?My thoughts are, consumers would actually like to know the quality of the service, relative to the cost. And what I mean is this.An agent gets £120 for referring a client to a solicitor, and the company earns 2M a year in referral fees. So, that could look to be a questionable practice.Much better that the client uses some other solicitor, and the agent earns no fee and there is tie up between the agent, the conveyancing of the sale, and the vendor.Is that a better system though? A vendor uses a solicitor who is unknown, they may be great they may be not too good, they may speak to the agent as the sale progresses, they may not.Or, an estate agent recommends a company that it has a massive connection with, yes it receives a referral fee, but due to the huge volume of business, there is also a commercial incentive to get Mr or Mrs Vendor exchanged.Not only this, – there are highly developed software and hardwired processes in place, and management teams both within the estate agency and the solicitors, all with a common aim of getting as many properties exchanged.This interdependence I think is not a bad thing; having had solicitors and conveyancers over the years who never return a call or seem to do anything at a pace (not all) I would rather place my clients sales in the hands of a fully focused large solicitor practice who has the staff and the technology to perform.Luckily, those days are behind me, but my fear is that in the pursuit of transparency, agents might find they are ‘pushing’ clients away from using their preferred solutions – a brilliant solicitor solution, a brilliant survey solution – and ‘pushing’ clients out into the unknown.I could be wrong, but if clients no longer take up the recommended suppliers of other related services, because of the money that the estate agent gets as a referral fee, then this lost revenue stream could see many agents struggling.Lastly, referral fees exist in many, many areas of commerce, so will trading standards be searching these out and making the world transparent for all folk, including the beleaguered estate agent?Log in to ReplyAndrew Stanton, CEO Proptech-PR Real Estate Influencer & Journalist CEO Proptech-PR Real Estate Influencer & Journalist 28th February 2019 at 7:50 amMy humble opinion is that with profits being less than 6%, it is time for CW to close about a third of the offices. But, Countrywide have left it far too late and there is no recovery plan that will see it survive.I am biased favourably towards this company as 30 years ago they had the foresight to make me a manager after 15 months of becoming an estate agent. But that was in 1988, and since then I am not too sure that they have made any key moves forward.They sought to be the largest agent, when they should have sought to be the most profitable, my best advice, get all the top tier of the management team, put them in a minibus … or two large coaches … and visit all of the CW branches.Then they would see that running a business as though the UK is still in 1988, is not a winning formula.Many know I am not convinced that Purplebricks who has never made a profit, or paid a dividend is the correct business model either, but Countrywide at 10p a share and Purplebricks at fourteen times that 140p a share, should be telling those running Countrywide that the game is over.With completions in 2019 in residential sales likely to be down by 8%, that will cut into the 6% profit margin of this failing business.Add in the scrutiny that is coming into the industry from the government regarding referral fees for solicitors and financial services, surveys etc, plus maybe a 9M loss of revenue when the Letting ban bites in 3-months, and within a year a 10% or more loss is likely to hit Countrywide.If Countrywide fails, and I do not see anyway out for them, the future will belong to the other 17,000 plus estate agents to move forward, and probably this is the core problem.Since 1988, the amount of property to be sold has increased in real terms by only 187%, but the amount of agents has increased by 650%, in fact there is an estate agent on average every 2.5 miles, based on a survey I did in 2018 looking at a 20 mile radius of a county town.Log in to ReplyWhat’s your opinion? 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The purpose of the visit was to familiarize congressional members and staff with aircraft carrier operations and capabilities as well as creating a better understanding of Navy programs.The group of delegates included U.S. Representatives Michele Bachmann, William Flores, Kerry Bentivolio, Doug LaMalfa and Rob Woodall.During the visit, Rear Adm. Andrew Lewis, commander Carrier Strike Group (CSG) 12, met with the group to discuss day to day operations of the CSG and an aircraft carrier, as well as, what it takes to manage flight operations underway.The delegation flew aboard TR on a carrier onboard delivery aircraft, receiving a certificate commemorating their tail-hook landing. Once aboard, the delegation visited several areas around the ship, such as the bridge, foc’sle and carrier air traffic control center. They also observed day and night flight operations.The delegation departed TR after seeing first-hand the ship’s capabilities as her crew trains to conduct future deployments. View post tag: Defence Authorities U.S. Representatives Board USS Theodore Roosevelt View post tag: Naval View post tag: board View post tag: US Navy [mappress]Press Release, July 15, 2014; Image: Wikimedia The men and women aboard the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) welcomed five members of the U.S. House of Representatives to observe underway operations and meet with Sailors while at sea, June 12-13. July 15, 2014 Share this article Back to overview,Home naval-today U.S. Representatives Board USS Theodore Roosevelt View post tag: U.S. View post tag: Representatives View post tag: Navy View post tag: News by topic View post tag: USS Theodore Roosevelt View post tag: americas
Happy National Pollinator Week!Bees, birds, butterflies, bats, and beetles all are pollinators and important parts of our ecosystem. As a matter of fact, the Indiana State Museum has beehives at three of its locations: Indiana State Museum, Gene Stratton-Porter State Historic Site and Angel Mounds State Historic Site.Learn five interesting facts about honey bees in this sweet blog paired with photos from our museum beehive. Then, come on into the Indiana State Museum this Saturday, June 23, for Family Day celebrating pollinators from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and a build your own bee house activity from 1 to 2:30 p.m.1. “Worker bees” are girls!That’s right, the bees who actually collect nectar and produce honey are female bees. Male honey bees are called “drones,” and you can spot them easily in a hive because they are much larger than the worker bees. Drones do not make honey or have stingers; their job is to mate with queen bees to help make more bees. 2. You can tell which bee is the queen because of her long body.The queen bee’s only job is to lay eggs that become larvae (also called “brood”) and grow into bees. She usually is the mother to most of the bees in the hive. If the queen bee dies, the hive must replace her, or else no more eggs will be laid, and the hive will die.Beekeepers make sure their hive has a queen so they can help replace her if needed. She can be spotted because her body is a lot longer than the worker bees around her. Sometimes beekeepers will mark their queen with a dot to help them quickly identify her. Can you spot which bee is the queen in the Indiana State Museum’s hive?3. In at-home beehives, you only take honey from special boxes called the “supers.”The worker bees make the honey, and the queen lays the eggs…so how do we make sure there aren’t any eggs in our honey? That’s a SUPER question! Beekeepers add a special box on top of the main hive body, called a “super.” While bees put honey and larvae in their main beehive, they only put honey in supers, so you don’t have to worry about any larvae in your honey. Beekeepers make sure not to take too much honey from the bees, who need the honey to survive.4. Bees don’t sting without a reason.When you’re out in the backyard and a honey bee starts flying around your head, what’s your first thought? “It’s going to sting me!” But actually, the bee is usually just checking things out to see if you have any nectar or pollen. Bees only sting when they feel threatened or surprised. That’s why the best thing to do when you meet a honey bee is to slowly and calmly walk away—don’t run or swat at it.Our beekeepers protect themselves from bee stings by wearing bee suits, including protective covering over their heads. When the beekeepers open up the hives, the bees may feel threatened and be more likely to sting.5. Honey tastes different depending on which plants the nectar came from.Have you noticed that different honey is lighter or darker, or that some is more yellow in color, while other honey is redder in color? That’s because honey looks and tastes different based on the types of plants bees visited to make the honey. Honey from bees located in the middle of acres of California almond trees will be different than honey from a beehive in the middle of a wild forest in Brown County Indiana.Bonus fact: What’s this I’ve heard about bees disappearing?You may have heard reports of “save the bees!” and “our bees are dying!” In the past few years, beekeepers have reported more cases of bees abandoning their homes and what seems like just disappearing. This is an issue called colony collapse disorder (CCD). Researchers say there are many things affecting CCD. One of the major contributors is the increased use of pesticides on the plants from which bees consume pollen and nectar. Programs like National Pollinator Week help bring awareness of how we can protect bees and the many other pollinators. Be sure to visit the Indiana State Museum this Saturday for Family Day celebrating pollinators and a build your own bee house activity to learn more.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
A new ‘battleground’ for retail bakeries was explored in British Baker’s web event, which saw experts discuss today’s industry ahead of an exclusive market report. The webinar outlined ways bakers were working within the convenience sector and considering other site locations, and marked the launch of the 2015 Bakery Market Report (BMR), compiled by British Baker.The BMR, sponsored by Unox and Rank Hovis, offers exclusive insight into the retail bakery trade in the UK.Patrick McGuigan, a freelance journalist, was lead researcher on the report. When talking about his findings, he said: “There are new battlegrounds for most of the major operators. Looking to open outlets within other stores is something that I think will be big for the future.”Stephen Brown, local sourcing and diversification manager at Scotmid Co-operative Foods works with local bakeries by stocking products into branded concessions within stores. He said this had allowed businesses to develop and build the brands within sites.He said: “We work on basis that it has to be a win-win for both. For Scotmid it bought in fresh products to the stores. Using local bakery allowed them to hone in on local base – there are lots of localised products in stores.”Bakery was found to be an extremely important part of convenience shopping, as exemplified by Tracy Faulkner of him!, who said that one in every four shoppers who walk into a convenience store will purchase a bakery item. She expanded: “For 45% of shoppers buying bakery items, it was actually bakery that was the driver to that store that day.”Social mediaFor bakers already on or considering taking to social media to push their brand, Mark McCulloch of WE ARE Spectacular gave a breakdown of four key steps to help bakers be successful online. He said: “Be consistent and be confident. You’ve got to know and understand your audience.”He also said that one of the keys was to know when to post material – revealing some surprising information which showed that most people are online on a Sunday, when brands post the least.You can still listen to the webinar online and, for further insight, log on to bakeryinfo.co.uk/bmr to download the complete 2015 Bakery Market Report.
Our leaders have time and time again emphasized a core aspect of the EMC Federation strategy and functioning model: “(we) offer best-of-breed, integrated, technology while preserving customers’ ability to choose…” In this blog, I reflect upon how this strategy applies to allowing customers the ability to choose Open Source Cloud OS – OpenStack.OpenStack is making rapid strides in both private and public cloud markets. The earlier skepticism on hype is waning as we see the momentum translate to tangible deployments. Let’s go over some numbers if you need convincing. A recent OpenStack user survey showed 512 total deployments; 209 of these being production deployments. This momentum seems even more impactful within the EMC customer base. A recent EMC pre-sales/field survey has revealed that 50% of customers are running OpenStack today; 53% of those are in production. So it is not surprising that EMC’s strategy of ‘providing of our customers with choice’ resulted in OpenStack being a viable option across our federated family. Let me explain this in more detail.Pivotal Customers Can Choose OpenStackPivotal offers a comprehensive set of application and data services that run on top of PaaS (platform-as-a-service) called Cloud Foundry®. Cloud Foundry is an open source platform that can run on any cloud infrastructure like VMware, OpenStack, or Amazon Web Services. Even though the Pivotal distribution of Cloud Foundry runs on VMware vSphere, there are many prominent members of the Cloud Foundry community who offer Cloud Foundry PaaS on OpenStack. Piston Cloud, which had originally contributed Cloud Foundry interface for OpenStack, now offers PaaS on Piston Cloud, which is based on OpenStack. IBM, with BlueMix PaaS cloud, and HP, with Cloud Application PaaS, have recently announced Cloud Foundry running on OpenStack infrastructure. Not only is it being offered by many prominent vendors, you can also choose to run Pivotal applications and big data services on any of these multi-cloud platforms. Watch out for the inevitable open source progression: OpenStack to Cloud Foundry!VMware Customers Can Choose OpenStackMany are perplexed by the complex relationship between VMware and OpenStack. I think the relationship is largely complementary; OpenStack is an open and flexible framework to pull all the cloud IaaS components together, whereas VMware provides the best-of-breed cloud components. As we see a rising number of OpenStack production deployments, there is also a broad demand for the integration of the two for Enterprise class solutions and use cases. It is for this reason that VMware is heavily investing in the integration, giving its customers the choice of having an open framework with best-of-breed cloud components. VMware is now the fifth largest contributor of OpenStack code in the current IceHouse release.Many immediately get network virtualization as an integration point, as VMware NSX is one of the founders of OpenStack networking, but the integration points are far more pervasive than just networking. You can now trigger complex vCenter functions like vMotion off the OpenStack compute module, Nova. vSphere storage policies and advanced vSAN capabilities can be facilitated through the OpenStack storage module, Cinder. vCOPs integration allows monitoring and troubleshooting through OpenStack. There are many more, and you can be rest assured that the roadmap will continue to get richer with time.EMC Customers Can Choose OpenStackEMC’s strategy for OpenStack is twofold:OpenStack projects allow vendors to add capabilities through “plugin” architecture. Every storage business unit at EMC is committed to providing direct plugins for OpenStack. We currently offer plugins for VNX, VMAX, and ViPR; plugins from Isilon, ScaleIO, and XtremIO are already available to customers for beta evaluation. OpenStack’s roots were with object storage over commodity hardware. However, as deployments mature, we now see it running a broad mix of production workloads. Plugins give customers the choice of a variety of EMC storage with appropriate service levels to run their workloads.ViPR is EMC’s software-defined storage platform and hence complements OpenStack by providing rich automation features, as well as integrated management of objects, blocks, and later files. In other words, you will get integrated access to EMC (what you get from direct plugins) and non-EMC storage, and on top of that you should be able to get enhanced automation features like provisioning, masking/zoning, FAST and VPLEX volumes, as well as rich data services. You can check-out my blog on ‘ViPR in the stack’ for more details.Returning to my original point, EMC customers can choose any cloud. I hope to have shown you that OpenStack represents as a viable choice across each of the EMC federation’s horizontal stacks.
The Notre Dame chapter of Engineers Without Borders contributed to budding engineering developments abroad in a winter break trip to Ecuador this year.The social service organization is currently in the middle of a five-year partnership with the San Pedro de Suma community in Ecuador. With the assistance of its parent organization, Engineers Without Borders USA, and the mentorship of two engineering professionals, the club has developed a sustainable project in terms of assessment, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Cristina Interiano | The Observer President of Engineers Without Borders at Notre Dame senior Madelyn Wesoloski believes the personal relationship the club establishes with the community is essential to the success of the project. “There were two projects over winter break that we implemented,” Wesloski said. “We did chlorination at the two schools there and the town really liked it. Because the town was excited about chlorination, it will now be community-wide, which will be another assessment trip. We can extend our commitment with the community a bit, but we try to fit what we can in there. We travel there at least once a year, because if not, they can lose faith in you and you won’t seem invested.”The club started planning for this implementation trip last year. As part of the preparation process, club members did alternative analyses work for the water chlorinator and the wall they built around the schools to prevent animals from getting in (and students from leaving). During the fall, students prepared designs and calculations for the projects.Project lead and senior Jen Lies emphasized that Engineers Without Borders is focused on improving the health and welfare of those in the community. After the club’s assessment trip last year, they determined the water chlorinator was not just something the community wanted, but a pressing need and a project that the club could feasibly do.“Water chlorination is important because there is E. coli in the water. Wastewater treatment there is poor,” Lies said. “The chlorinator hasn’t gone live yet, but we are looking to increase health and general well-being of the community through the quality of water. We got to see designs we had been working on for entire year come into reality, which was awesome. We couldn’t have done it without the strength of partners who are volunteers and community contractors. It was great to see teamwork despite the bumps in the road.”Prior to the winter break implementation trip to Ecuador, members of the club created pamphlets about water chlorination in Spanish for the community to address the stigma associated with water chlorination. They also wrote maintenance and operation manuals so that town members could effectively use the systems. Wesoloski said the San Pedro de Suma community having a hands-on role in the project will ultimately lead to the successful implementation and effective use of the water chlorinator.“One cool thing is that last year the community was unsure about chlorine and water treatment system. Now, they’re asking if we can do it on a community-wide scale. They bought into water treatment as a whole,” Wesoloski said. “The wall was built by local contractors and labor was from the community. That’s another part of this. We don’t go in and do isolated things, but we involve local people and the economy with the projects. They have a lot of local knowledge that makes projects more effective.”Looking towards the future, Engineers Without Borders is expanding their work to projects in South Bend and increasing fundraising to accommodate the growing club. “We want to make sure people are comfortable and have access to the resources they need,” sophomore and treasurer Mike Marino said. “We hope our students learn a lot about the engineering process. Not just how it feels to interact with the community, but also what it feels [like] to make an impact. It is such a fun process with a lot of cooperation, and we know our work has an impact. We do the numbers, help communities with discernment and figure out what it means to be an engineer.”Engineers Without Borders meets Wednesdays at 6 p.m. in Duncan Student Center. Tags: Engineers Without Borders, San Pedro de suma