In case you missed it: The Apopka news week in review

first_img Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate 5 stories that shaped Apopka’s news weekCrash on Rock Springs Road ends in fatalityMermaid memories of a rainy and productive “build day”Who will “walk a different path” in Apopka?NOAA: Expect an active hurricane seasonUCF Clinic for local farmworkers wins national award TAGSWeek in Review Previous articleA Memorial Day grilling feastNext articleSeeing the signs of stroke: Part two Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Please enter your comment! LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Please enter your name here The Anatomy of Fear Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitterlast_img read more

Balmoral House / Clinton Murray + Polly Harbison

first_img Houses Year:  photographs:  Brett BoardmanPhotographs:  Brett Boardman Balmoral House / Clinton Murray + Polly HarbisonSave this projectSaveBalmoral House / Clinton Murray + Polly Harbison Balmoral House / Clinton Murray + Polly Harbison Photographs Australia 2014 “COPY” Projects Save this picture!© Brett Boardman+ 31 Share Bellevarde General Contractor: center_img ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/770625/balmoral-house-clinton-murray-plus-polly-harbison Clipboard “COPY” Architects: Clinton Murray, Polly Harbison Area Area of this architecture project Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/770625/balmoral-house-clinton-murray-plus-polly-harbison Clipboard Area:  1172 m² Area:  1172 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeClinton MurrayOfficeFollowPolly HarbisonOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSydneyAustraliaPublished on July 22, 2015Cite: “Balmoral House / Clinton Murray + Polly Harbison” 22 Jul 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – MetrisVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Cross HairlinePartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Mirage®SinksThe Splash LabTrough Sink – Monolith A SeriesSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights in Helmkehof Cultural CenterBathroom AccessoriesBradley Corporation USAWashroom AccessoriesConcrete FloorsSikaDecorative Floor CoatingsMetal PanelsSherwin-Williams Coil CoatingsFluropon® Coating in Thaden SchoolWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodViroc Nature for Partition WallsMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMMineral Wood Stain – Lignosil®-VeranoDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – MAGNEOSinksECOPIXELWashbasin – Light Basin LTBMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Structural Engineer:Ken MurtaghInterior Designer:Ralph RembelLandscape Architect:Daniel BaffskyLighting:Andre TammesStructural System:Off-form concreteArchitect In Charge:Clinton Murray, Polly HarbisonDesign Team:Nicholas Byrne, Vince MysonCity:SydneyCountry:AustraliaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Brett BoardmanRecommended ProductsMetallicsSculptformClick-on Battens in Ivanhoe ApartmentsDoorsSky-FrameInsulated Sliding Doors – Sky-Frame ArcPorcelain StonewareApariciPorcelain Tiles – BuildMetallicsTrimoMetal Panels for Roofs – Trimoterm SNVText description provided by the architects. Our client’s love of art inspired experimentation with sculptural forms. First and foremost, the house had to be a home, not an art gallery. Secondly, our clients were determined we made the most of the beautiful views over the beach and to the harbour beyond. We looked to Isamu Noguchi for inspiration. His iconic sculptures curve and twist and link us to other worlds. Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThe concrete sculptural form is a union between engineering and architecture, a series as boxes assembled to respond to views, sun and privacy. Simple design principles of orientation, thermal mass and natural ventilation are fundamental to the design.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThe critical moment in the design was emphasising the opportunity we had to connect the house to the community. In an area typically dominated by high fences and intercoms, we’ve allowed passers-by to touch and feel the building, and look through it to Balmoral beach. This experience is further enhanced by the careful positioning of selected artworks in the main undercroft and garden. One sculpture, a cast human form, lays passively, arms outstretched, waiting for commentary. A recent example from two small boys passing questioned the presence of a ‘dead man’ while the other responded, ‘that’s not a dead man, that’s art!’Save this picture!SectionFrom within the house, views are carefully edited and framed to create a sense of serenity and isolation. Fixed glass windows are housed in deep concrete reveals. All opening windows are framed in timber and slide on concealed tracks. Recessed in to the concrete above are retractable louvres. The whole house can close down against the dramas of Australian coastal living.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanHoused within the building is a lifetime collection of sculpture and art. The individual needs of each artwork were considered like any other occupant. The stairwell is itself sculptural, carved from concrete and lit from above. The skylights create ever-changing shafts of light that animate the experience of the objects placed within.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanThere is a simple palette of timber and concrete, contrasting the rich tones and textures of the art collection. Interiors are a seamless extension of the architecture. An ‘Yves Klein’ blue ceiling floats provocatively above the main living room. The same disciplined design restraint is evident in the detailing. External walls morph into internal walls. Soffits become ceilings, and when the high doors all slide away, the kitchen becomes a part of the landscape, a nest in the trees, a safe haven.Save this picture!© Brett BoardmanProject gallerySee allShow less4 Reasons to Come to Finland this AugustArchitecture NewsWAF Announces 2015 Festival ThemeArchitecture News Share CopyHouses•Sydney, Australia ArchDaily 2014last_img read more

Vietnam 40 years after liberation: Visitors flock to the tunnels of Cu Chi

first_imgBy Paul Wilcox and Joyce ChediacCu Chi District, VietnamVietnamese children at rehearsal for victory commemoration.WW photo: Joyce ChediacHo Chi Minh City, known as Saigon before its liberation, is a fast-moving metropolis of more than 10 million people. Preparations for April 30, the 40th anniversary of the unification of north and south Vietnam and the decisive defeat of the U.S. invasion and occupation, can be seen all over.Red flags of Vietnam and the Vietnamese Communist Party fly everywhere. Billboards announcing the anniversary abound. Hundreds of exuberant children gather in a downtown park rehearsing for commemoration ceremonies and posing for pictures.However, no place in Vietnam more embodies the revolutionary heroism that made this victory possible than this small suburb of Ho Chi Minh City. The guerrilla tunnels of Cu Chi District testify to the determination of a people to win their independence against a foe far superior in technology but far inferior in motivation, morale, creativity and sheer determination to resist.The tunnels have been preserved and turned into a national museum.Cu Chi District’s proximity to Saigon, where the U.S. and its puppet forces were based, and to land and river routes to that city, made it strategically significant. It was the only sizable area in the south of Vietnam where troops could move easily, even during the monsoon season.Tunnels spanned 150 milesA guide explains that the tunnels were painstakingly dug by hoe, with the earth taken out in baskets. Their excavation began in the 1940s. Despite the immense difficulty of life in the tunnels, where air, food and water were scarce, and health problems — especially malaria — were common, the tunnels provided shelter from bombing attacks and a place to launch attacks on French and later U.S. soldiers and the South Vietnamese colonial army.At the height of the U.S. war, the tunnels extended over 150 miles in length and several stories deep, starting about 40 miles north of Saigon and extending to the Cambodian border.They grew to house entire underground villages with living quarters, kitchens with hidden smoke vents, factories for turning unexploded U.S. bombs into weapons, hospitals and bomb shelters, schools and fighting areas. There were even theaters and music halls to provide diversion for the fighters — mostly peasants from the area.Some underground rooms have been recreated and a small section of the tunnels enlarged for tourists to enter.The tunnels were used by the liberation forces to infiltrate Saigon with intelligence units, Communist Party cadre and sabotage teams. The 1968 Tet Offensive was prepared, and troops and supplies assembled, through the Cu Chi tunnels.When the U.S. unknowingly set up a base in Cu Chi right over the tunnels, it found it was constantly attacked from within the base. A special team of U.S. soldiers sent into the tunnels to fight encountered hidden booby traps made from sharpened bamboo sticks covered with animal dung to cause infection. On exhibit are examples of these traps, with labels like “clipping armpit trap,” “door trap” and “folding chair trap.”Next the U.S. sent specially trained dogs to locate the tunnels. The Vietnamese fighters began to wash with U.S. Army soap and wear captured U.S. Army uniforms to confuse the dogs with a “friendly smell.”Most bombed area in historyThe Pentagon’s response was barbaric. Cu Chi became the most shelled, gassed, bombed, devastated and defoliated area in the history of warfare. It was declared a “free-fire zone,” the target of random artillery fire, with pilots encouraged to drop unused bombs and napalm there before returning to base.So many defoliants were dropped and the area was so heavily carpet-bombed that it became known by the U.S. command as the “white zone” for its absence of vegetation. But the tunnels still served as shelters and the liberation fighters still made their way through these tunnels to Saigon.Today the “white zone” is once again green with fields of rubber plants and vegetables. The villages forced underground are now repopulated. They have been singled out as “heroic villages” and the district renamed “the Iron Land.”According to Trip Advisor, the Cu Chi tunnels are the second most popular tourist destination in Vietnam. Of the thousands of comments and reviews online over the last few years, nearly 90 percent said their visit was a very good or excellent experience. The most popular tourist place in Ho Chi Minh City is the War Remnants Museum, formerly called the War Crimes Museum.Comments of tourists from around the world found on Trip Advisor include:“Tells the story of Vietnamese ingenuity, resilience and tenacity to defend their land against a superior force … how they turned bomb scraps into traps, tires into sandals and how they dug their tunnels, hide the air vents and camouflage it.”“It is no wonder that the high-tech American army were out maneuvered.”“It was their way to have surprise attacks and vanish unobserved. … Great people of a great country — what suffering they went through for their freedom.”“The Vietnamese people lived in these small tunnels during day time, to come out only at night to do cultivation so that they are not attacked by the Americans during the war.”‘Babies were born here.’“It was absolutely fascinating to see these tunnels and all the preserved evidence of the ingenuity, resilience and determination of a people … who, on our admittedly brief experience, seem to naturally be so gentle.”“In these tunnels you can see why the Viet Cong won the war.”With over a million visitors every year, the Cu Chi tunnels are living proof that, despite the many thousands killed in the war, the Vietnamese won not only freedom for their country but the hearts and minds of the workers and oppressed peoples of the world.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Athletes demand justice for Breonna Taylor

first_imgThe struggle to bring about justice for Breonna Taylor continues. The 26-year-old African American emergency medical technician was fatally shot eight times by three white police officers who invaded her Louisville, Ky., home on March 13 during a no-knock, no-warrant narcotics search.  Originally it was reported that Taylor was asleep when her home was attacked by the police.Artists and activists honor Breonna Taylor with this with this 7000-square-foot mural–the size of two basketball courts–in Annapolis, Md.Four months after this heinous crime, none of the cops have been arrested or charged with murder.  Only one of the cops, Brett Hankison — who fired the fatal shots — has been terminated from his job.A recent lawsuit filed by Taylor’s mother states that she was not in her bed as originally reported, but was standing near the front door when she was killed. Taylor actually lived another five to six minutes before succumbing to her wounds.  The police did nothing to come to her aid and placed no calls to medics to try to save her or even check to see if she was still alive.   In a sworn statement, Taylor’s life partner, Kenneth Walker, described the moment  after shots were fired by the police: “I was on the phone with [Taylor’s mom], when I kind of realized that it was the police, ’cause now they’re yelling like ‘Come out, come out!’ I’m still yelling ‘Help!’ because [Taylor’s] over here coughing [due to her wounds] and I’m just freaking out.” (CNN, July 18)Taylor’s case continues to be uplifted around the country by the Black Lives Matter movement, ignited by the public lynching of George Floyd on May 25.  A 70-square-foot BLM mural of Taylor was recently painted in the streets of Annapolis, Md., during the first weekend in July.  Prominent sports athletes have spoken up and often about this case. Jemani Grant, a National Basketball Association forward with the Denver Nuggets, referenced Breonna Taylor several times during a July 15 press interview, two weeks before the resumption of the NBA season. The Nuggets have officially taken this position on their Twitter account: “Arrest the cops who killed Breonna Taylor.”  Kenny Stills, a National Football League wide receiver with the Houston Texans, was arrested during a July 14 protest for Taylor in front of the home of Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron. He and 86 other protesters were arrested while demanding that Taylor’s killers be brought to justice. The felony charges against Stills were dropped a few days later.  Along with a photo of himself wearing a T-shirt that stated “Breonna Taylor’s killers are still police,” Stills later tweeted, “‘Good trouble’ with my brothers and sisters — organized by @untilfreedom. Arrested for peacefully protesting. While Breonna Taylor’s murderers are still out on the street.”  When Stills was with the Miami Dolphins, he consistently took a knee during the playing of the national anthem, in solidarity with Colin Kaepernick’s protest against police brutality and systemic racism.  FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

New appeal to Alan Johnston’s kidnappers on the eve of his 45th birthday

first_img PalestineMiddle East – North Africa News News Organisation May 16, 2021 Find out more to go further May 28, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information Follow the news on Palestine Receive email alerts Israel now holding 13 Palestinian journalistscenter_img On the eve of BBC correspondent Alan Johnston’s 45th birthday tomorrow, Reporters Without Borders again appealed to his kidnappers to release him. His family, friends and colleagues have received no news of him since he was taken hostage in the Gaza Strip on 12 March, more than two months ago.“Johnston’s absence is felt all the more keenly as he prepares to spend his birthday in captivity,” the press freedom organisation said. “Each day that passes brings more suffering for his family, to whom we express our full support. He will be on our mind until he is freed. We ask his kidnappers not to put his life in danger. Whatever their cause, it cannot be won at the expense of his freedom.”Reporters Without Borders added: “Johnston’s fate is more uncertain than ever as Gaza City sinks deeper into the chaos and bloody clashes that began several months ago. The failure of President Mahmoud Abbas and Prime Minister Ismael Haniyeh to ensure respect for a truce between Hamas and Fatah raises doubts about their ability to obtain his release in the near future.” If the security situation allows it, Reporters Without Borders plans to mark Johnston’s 45th birthday by having a large photo of him unveiled outside the parliament building in Gaza City tomorrow.The city has this week seen some of the bloodiest fighting since the installation of the Fatah-Hamas national unity government. Interior minister Hani Al-Qawasmeh’s resignation two days ago and the increase in heavy artillery clashes pose additional obstacles to Johnston’s release. Gunmen today fired on the Reuters bureau in central Gaza City to prevent its journalists from filming what was happening in the street outside. No one was hurt. PalestineMiddle East – North Africa June 3, 2021 Find out more News May 16, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 New appeal to Alan Johnston’s kidnappers on the eve of his 45th birthday RSF_en News WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists RSF asks ICC prosecutor to say whether Israeli airstrikes on media in Gaza constitute war crimeslast_img read more

Board Supports Antonovich Motion to Identify Existing Funds for Homeless

first_img Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Community News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Business News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * The Board of Supervisors unanimously approved a motion by Supervisor Michael D. Antonovich directing the County CEO, the Health Agency and other departments to identify existing funding that can be redirected to fund the County’s homelessness effort. It also asks the CEO to continue lobbying the state legislature on behalf of local governments for additional resources to address the homeless crisis.To avoid placing an additional burden on local taxpayers, this action requests that the county look within its own budget, and appeal to the state in our mutual effort to address the statewide homelessness crisis,” said Antonovich. “It is the state’s responsibility to take a proactive role in reimbursing local governments for the costs associated with homelessness.” Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Government Board Supports Antonovich Motion to Identify Existing Funds for Homeless Published on Tuesday, July 12, 2016 | 5:11 pm faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimescenter_img Make a comment More Cool Stuff Subscribe First Heatwave Expected Next Week Top of the News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Herbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Most Influential Women In HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Sea Salt Scrubs You Can Make YourselfHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Family Friendly Dog BreedsHerbeautyHerbeauty Community News Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website last_img read more

Council Passes Fee Increase at Brookside Golf Course

first_img STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Community News Council Passes Fee Increase at Brookside Golf Course Prices will go up to $50 and $90 for tournaments By ANDY VITALICIO Published on Monday, June 15, 2020 | 4:20 pm STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Top of the News Business News More Cool Stuff Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Make a commentcenter_img Herbeauty9 Of The Best Metabolism-Boosting Foods For Weight LossHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty11 Signs Your Perfectionism Has Gotten Out Of ControlHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Tips For Dating As A Single DadHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeauty Golfers who frequent Brookside Golf Course near the Rose Bowl in Pasadena will have to pay a little more money to play in Pasadena.On Monday, the City Council unanimously voted to up regular fees to $50 during ordinary days. Fees for tournaments and shotguns will increase to $90, including golf carts.The previous fee was $44 per golfer. According to a staff report, last year’s golf fee adjustments resulted in a revenue increase of about $150,000 at Brookside.The course was closed on March 19 due to the COVID-19 emergency. Since it reopened on May 8, rounds and activity at the golf course have been at their highest level in eight years. Given its current financial situation, the RBOC said increasing fees to respond to changing market conditions “is optimal for the organization.”“The initial goal is to achieve approximately a three percent increase to the green fees,” the RBOC said in the report. “This will bring us closer to market prices and help to offset Brookside’s estimated 1.5 percent annual expense increase for water use, labor, etc. It should be noted that the initial rate increase will not be a uniform increase across all rate categories. Instead each rate will be evaluated, now and in the future, as it compares with the rates of the competition in the market and changed accordingly.”The RBOC also cited other municipal golf properties in Los Angeles County have begun offsetting rising expenses with increasing revenues through fee adjustments. Compared to most of them, Brookside’s fees, implemented since last year, are “underpriced” in some categories, according to the report.It also cited Brookside’s direct competition in the area, Griffith Park, has been charging $50 for golf before 9 a.m. on weekdays and holidays and is able to adjust rates on demand.“To stay competitive, Brookside Golf Club should also be under a similar structure,” the RBOC report said. “Under this model green fee rates will have the flexibility to go up or down based on direct competition without delay. For example, if our competition raises their green fee by $1, we can act quickly (through the RBOC Golf Committee) and decide in real time if such an increase makes sense for Brookside.”Another recommendation included in the RBOC report is to add a $1 Capital fee to each green fee, which is expected to generate around $125,000 to $135,000 annually in additional funds, depending on the golf course availability due to events. Those funds could help restore about 50 percent of the annual Capital funds spent on the golf course property, the report said.“It should be noted that while rates were simplified in Fall of 2019 additional funds were put into cart path improvements, additional fertilizer and rebuilding a green,” the RBOC said. “Having a funding source for future capital projects will help to show our customers that we are continuing to invest in the property.The RBOC, which operates the Rose Bowl Stadium as well, said having the ability to adjust golf rates to Brookside’s competition could generate an additional $135,000 annually.The additional funds do not include additional food and beverage revenues or merchandise sales which would also help off-set rising maintenance costs and allow RBOC to pursue capital improvements gradually. Subscribe Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Donald CommunityPCC- COMMUNITYVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS 16 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

Tool theft

first_imgROXBORO Road gardaí are seeking the public’s assistance following the theft of a number of speciality tools from a car that was parked in the Mulgrave Street area.The theft occurred between the hours of 5pm and 9am on July 26 and 27. A number of valuable power tools were stolen from the locked vehicle including a black Hitachi angle grinder and a blue Hilti drill.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Gardaí are reminding members of the public to exercise caution when purchasing tools from unregistered suppliers, as they believe the tools were stolen for monetary gain.Anyone with information can contact Roxboro Road Garda Station on 061 212340. Previous articleLimerick man launches new political partyNext articleMontpelier burglary John Keoghhttp://www.limerickpost.ie Advertisement Facebook Linkedin Email Twitter Print #SaucySoul: Room 58 – ‘Hate To See You Leave’ Gardaí step up operations to tackle Limerick dognapperscenter_img NewsTool theftBy John Keogh – July 31, 2013 616 #HearThis: New music and video from Limerick rapper Strange Boy RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR TAGSCrimeGardaíMusic Limerick Emma Langford shortlisted for RTE Folk Award and playing a LIVE SHOW!!! this Saturday Watch the streamed gig for Fergal Nash album launch WhatsApp Celebrating a ground breaking year in music from Limerick last_img read more

Supreme Court Order Evicting Slum Dwellers Violates Their Basic Human Rights To Housing, Shelter And Livelihood

first_imgColumnsSupreme Court Order Evicting Slum Dwellers Violates Their Basic Human Rights To Housing, Shelter And Livelihood Swati Agrawal8 Sep 2020 6:45 AMShare This – xIn August 2020, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court of India ordered removal of 48000 slum dwellings that were around a 140-km railway track in Delhi without providing for any rehabilitation scheme (henceforth called the “Supreme Court Order”).[1] They were ordered to be removed as they were considered to be in the Railway safety zone. The order asks the stakeholders to come up with…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIn August 2020, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court of India ordered removal of 48000 slum dwellings that were around a 140-km railway track in Delhi without providing for any rehabilitation scheme (henceforth called the “Supreme Court Order”).[1] They were ordered to be removed as they were considered to be in the Railway safety zone. The order asks the stakeholders to come up with a comprehensive plan for removal of the slums within just three months. In the middle of a pandemic, this judgment puts many people at an increased risk. People living in slums, jhuggis, pavements etc. make important economic contributions towards a city like Delhi. They fill a gap in the supply of labour and contribute to the overall economic development of the city. Protecting their right to housing, shelter and livelihood also plays an important economic function in addition to being a basic human right. A 2020 report[2] by Housing and Land Rights Network has recorded 45 incidents of forced eviction across India during the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the report, the conservative estimate of forced evictions in 2019 was 22,247 which affected 107,625 people. Forced evictions violate the internationally recognized right to adequate housing and multiple other human rights. They also violate our national legal position on the right to livelihood that has been recognized as part of the right to life and personal liberty (Article 21). In the well-known Olga Tellis[3] case, a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court of India recognized that for slum-dwellers, forced evictions mean loss of livelihood which is part of Article 21. This case did not find a mention in the August 2020 order of the Supreme Court. Olga Tellis case would be binding on account of its judgment being delivered by a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court. Problems with the Supreme Court Order One of the major problems with the August 2020 Supreme Court Order is lack of consultation or representation of the slum dwellers.[4] The fundamental/human rights of a group of people have been violated without even giving them a hearing in the case. The second major problem with the judgment is that it does not mention rehabilitation of slum dwellers anywhere. In 2010, the Delhi High Court while recognizing the “right to shelter”, asked for the petitioners (jhuggi dweller) to be considered for relocation under existing schemes. Last year also, the Delhi HC had held that forceful eviction of slumdwellers, without making provisions for their rehabilitation, was unconstitutional.A similar direction in the August 2020 Supreme Court Order was vital for protection of the rights of the slum dwellers. The authorities should have been directed to conduct a survey of the residents and to provide for an effective rehabilitation scheme for them. Efforts must be made to relocate them as near to the existing site of the slums, as possible. There should be public transportation available from the new site to their common work areas. The Delhi Slum & JJ Rehabilitation and Relocation Policy, 2015 (by Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board) had provided for the procedure for rehabilitation of JJ Bastis in Railway safety zones. They had given a period of 6 months for relocation of the JJ Bastis, and the clearance and handing over of the land. While the Supreme Court of India has given 3 months to the authorities. The importance of notice before forced evictions is self-evident. The authorities have often been callous about giving notice and have razed slums to the ground without adequate notice. Conclusion Although Olga Tellis did talk about right to livelihood, there have been decisions by the Court that have gone against the concept. One of such cases is Almitra Patel[5] case where the Court gave precedence to pollution control and had cast considerable shame on the slum dwellers considering them as illegal occupants of public land. The scorn, disdain and dismissive attitude of the Court in Almitra Patel case was also followed in other cases including the order being discussed. Our civic sense or protection of public property cannot come t the cost of the fundamental and human rights of slum dwellers. If the problem is the environment, then provide better sanitation facilities. If we want to protect public land, then let’s provide them with adequate substitute housing. The Supreme Court Order also ignores the Delhi Slum & JJ Rehabilitation and Relocation Policy, 2015. In absence of clear jurisprudence, such policies play an important role. This case shows the need for a comprehensive policy at Central as well as State levels that deals with forced evictions for their respective public lands. These policies should follow the best practices set by the United Nations Special Rappoteur on adequate housing such as appropriate notice, public review and hearings, presence of neutral observers during eviction, rehabilitation and compensation etcetera.[6] The Courts should consider such policies while passing their judgments. Alternatively, they should develop sound jurisprudence to protect the rights of slum dwellers in cases of forced evictions.Views are personal only. (Author is a graduate from the National Law School of India University in 2010. She works in the field of diversity and inclusion.) [1] LiveLaw News Network. (2020, September 3). SC Orders Removal Of 48,000 Slum Dwellings Around Delhi Rail Tracks In 3 Months; Stops Courts From Granting Stay. Accessed September 5, 2020. https://www.livelaw.in/top-stories/sc-orders-removal-of-48000-slum-dwellings-around-delhi-rail-tracks-in-3-months-stops-courts-from-granting-stay-162324 [2] Housing and Land Rights Network. 2020. Forced Evictions in India in 2019: An Unrelenting National Crisis. (ISBN: 978-81-935672-8-9). https://www.hlrn.org.in/documents/Forced_Evictions_2019.pdf [3] Olga Tellis & Ors vs Bombay Municipal Corporation & Ors. Etc., 1986 AIR 180. [4] Sahgal, Rishika. (2020, September 5). The Supreme Court’s Eviction Order Ignores the Rights of Jhuggi Dwellers. Indian Constitutional Law and Philosophy. https://indconlawphil.wordpress.com/2020/09/05/guest-post-the-supreme-courts-eviction-order-ignores-the-rights-of-jhuggi-dwellers/ [5] Almitra H. Patel And Anr. vs Union Of India And Ors. (1998) 2 SCC 416. [6] 2007. Basic Principles And Guidelines On Development based Evictions And Displacement: Annex 1 of the report of the Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living. (A/HRC/4/18). https://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/housing/docs/guidelines_en.pdf Next Storylast_img read more

If CAT Took Little Precaution To Decide Main Case Rather Than Miscellaneous Applications Time & Again, Entire Controversy Would Come To Rest: J&K High Court

first_imgNews UpdatesIf CAT Took Little Precaution To Decide Main Case Rather Than Miscellaneous Applications Time & Again, Entire Controversy Would Come To Rest: J&K High Court Akshita Saxena5 April 2021 7:31 AMShare This – xThe Jammu and Kashmir High Court recently disapproved the practice of prolonging litigation by focusing on miscellaneous applications filed by parties, instead of deciding the main issue. “The entire controversy would have come to at rest, if the Tribunal would have taken a little precaution to decide the main case rather than dealing with the miscellaneous applications time and…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Jammu and Kashmir High Court recently disapproved the practice of prolonging litigation by focusing on miscellaneous applications filed by parties, instead of deciding the main issue. “The entire controversy would have come to at rest, if the Tribunal would have taken a little precaution to decide the main case rather than dealing with the miscellaneous applications time and again,” a Bench of Chief Justice Pankaj Mithal and Justice Sindhu Sharma was constrained to observe with reference to the Central Administrative Tribunal, Jammu. The remarks were made while hearing a writ petition filed by the UT Administration against stay on the order for transfer of the Respondent, working as Consultant Radiology, SMGS, Jammu. Background The Respondent had obtained an interim order of stay against the said transfer in WP(C) No. 436/2020 on 13.02.2020. This petition was eventually transferred to the Central Administrative Tribunal. Thereafter, the Respondent filed an application for the implementation of the above interim order of the High Court before the CAT and against the order passed on the said application, he preferred WP(C) No. 1187/2020. In the said writ petition, an interim order was passed on 20.07.2020 staying the order of Tribunal dated 09.07.2020 and directing the Financial Commissioner, Health and Medical Education Department to ensure that the petitioner performs his duties in SMGS Hospital, Jammu. Subsequently, this writ petition was dismissed as withdrawn. The respondent No. 1 filed some other applications before the CAT inter alia seeking implementation of the interim order of the High Court 13.02.2020 as also of the CAT. In dealing with the said applications, there was a difference of opinion between two Members of the CAT. One was of the view that Respondent has been relieved on 01.01.2020 and therefore, there is no requirement of the implementation of the interim order of the High Court. The other Member took a different view. So, the matter was referred to the third Member. The third Member of the CAT observed that the withdrawal of the subsequent writ petition on 15.10.2020 does not obliterate the effect of the interim order passed therein on 20.07.2020. it thus directed for the implementation of the order of the High Court dated 13.02.2020. Later, as probably the order of the High Court was not implemented, the Tribunal directed not to release the salary of the Financial Commissioner, Health and Medical Education Department, Government of Jammu and Kashmir till next date of listing. Aggrieved by the above two orders passed by the CAT, the Petitioners preferred the instant writ petition. Findings The Division Bench noted that the crux of the matter pertains to adjudication of the validity of the transfer order impugned in the first writ petition before the High Court, which was later transferred to the CAT. It observed that while unnecessary time is being spent only in dealing with the miscellaneous applications, adjudication of the crux remains. Such practice has even been deprecated by the Supreme Court. “We expect that the CAT would do its best to decide the main petition on merits most promptly, if possible on the next date itself which is fixed in the case, as we are told by the parties that they have exchanged their pleadings therein,” the Bench added. Coming to the merits of the petition, the Bench observed that stopping the salary of the said Financial Commissioner, in the absence of contempt proceedings initiated by the Respondent, is prima facie not warranted in law. Accordingly, the impugned order is kept in abeyance until further orders.AAG Aseem Sawhney appeared for UT Administration.Senior Advocate Abhinav Sharma with Advocate Abhimanyu Sharma for Respondent. Case Title: Union Territory of J&K & Ors. v. Arshad Bhat & Anr. Click Here To Download OrderRead OrderSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. 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